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Glacier melting rates, sea ice variability and ocean circulation in the Young Sund region, East Greenland

General

Organisation
Project start
08.07.2014
Project end
05.08.2014
Type of project
Research
Project theme
Seabed history
Project topic
Climate research
Past climate studies

Fieldwork / Study

Fieldwork country
Greenland (DK)
Fieldwork region
Greenland, North-East
Fieldwork location

Geolocation is 74.251299664392, -20.155792236328

Fieldwork start
08.07.2014
Fieldwork end
05.08.2014

Project details

24.09.2018
Science / project plan

The changing climate has resulted in a significant increase in melting rates of the Greenland ice sheet as well as a reduction of sea ice cover in the Arctic Ocean. However, information on the variability of sea ice is limited to the satellite period (i.e. ca 30 years), and ice sheet melting rates is known from an even shorter period. This hampers our understanding of the natural, background state of the climate and environment in the East Greenland region. In fact we do not know if the current melting rates are in fact much higher than the normal state, and we also lack information on the onset of the current change. 

The current project aims at reconstructing past variabilityand magnitude of glacier melting and fjord sea ice in the Young Sound region. The study will be based on sediment cores taken from the fjord bottom. These cores will be studied for their sediment composition, where sediment structures and grain size combined with trace elements (XRF core scanning) will show icer sheet melting rates, which presumed largest glacier influx close to the glacier front and decrease out through the fjord. Further analyses will include diatoms which will also illustrate variability in meltwater and temperature of the surface waters as well as benthic foraminifera that may be used to test for influx of ocean water as a bottom water into the fjord. The temperature of these bottom waters are expected to have a major impact on glacier melting rates. 

A pilot study of cores taken in summer 2013 showed that good quality sediment seried can be obtained and during the field work in 2014 we wish to collect a series of cores from close to the glacier front and out through the fjord.

Field site: Daneborg, N.E.Greenland

PI: Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz

Fieldwork summary/photo blog: Link to project summary report

 

 

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